The Truth, symptoms and Treatments of Navicular Disease
The most common diseases that affects the athletic horses forelimb lameness is essentially known as Navicular disease. It is a disease where the chronic condition of the navicular bone that sits deep within the hoof at the back junction of the coffin bone and the short pastern bone are sore that causes horses to feel much pain and lameness. This bone has a physical shape of a small canoe, this is where the name navicular has derived. The prefix navicu means "small boat" in latin, the navicular bone has other name also known as the distal sesamoid bone it is located behind the fetlock joint. Classical study of several treatments often do not provide satisfactory results and the horse remains lame and occasionally the horse must be euthanized. Insufficiently, there is a slight notable study of the biological analysis of this navicular disease.
Luckily, there are several research show how to address to slow down the progression and minimize the pain and discomfort of the horses. Most importantly, you must straightforwardly address the biochemical abnormalities that cause the disease. Sometimes, some horseman did not bother to proper shoeing, or do the improper trimming or usually have a chronic foot imbalance which resulting to abnormal limb conformation. The typical conformation most commonly correlate with navicular disease is hooves with long toes and low heels or vice versa that sometimes cause the horses prone to these diseases.
Navicular disease commonly affects both feet of horses in varied degrees. Naturally one foot is more painful than the other, so lameness of a single leg is often observed. A thorough observation shows that the horse will be short strided in both limbs especially when navigating to a tight circles of corners. A further surveillance on a tight circles reveals a switching leg lameness with the affected one on the inside. Because of this lameness, the foot tends to land toe-to heel instead of landing to heel-to-toe which is the normal attitude of the horse. Generally, navicular syndrome pain often gets more severe in working movement rather than less pain while resting.
Treatments of this navicular disease are varied from conservative to aggressive type, from therapeutic shoeing, various medications and even surgery. Many horses will respond to shoeing and medications, if observed to have abnormal foot conformation, then changes should be made gradually by getting the foot back in balance.Furthermore, if the axis between the coffin bone and the short pastern bone is damaged, proper chiropractor is gradually applied so that normal alignment is obtained. Remember that poor foot conformation also contribute to poor blood flow. Another helpful tips to eliminate the horse suffering from caudal heel pain includes the proper trimming short to the toe, and utilizing a round or squared-toe shoes, which reduces the stress forces up to the limb.
Medical treatments to the ailing horse involves use of anti-inflammatory drug that seduced the pains and works better in some cases. The specific medication should be done a professional medical expert in veterinary medicine, depending on the horse's work schedule and upon the advice of the doctor. Another popular drug used in the medication of navicular syndrome is the vasodilator which address to decrease the blood flow process.There are other two drugs that are being evaluated for their ability to improve the blood circulation to this area are to be research to their clinical use.